Friedrich Engels’ The Condition of the Working Class in England presents the problem of slums in England’s largest cities using both a Romantic and Enlightenment perspective. Engels uses Romanticism by appealing to the feelings of the reader by describing a direct experience of the slums. He appeals to the Enlightenment perspective by describing the slums as poorly planned and unsystematic.Engels draws on the romantic idea of the importance of feeling by inducing emotions in the reader by describing the slums in detail. In reference to Old Town of Manchester he talks of the passageways being covered in “a degree of dirt and revolting filth, the like of which is not to be found elsewhere. “(1106) Engels also describes a public bathroom as being so unkempt that “the inhabitants of the court can only enter or leave the court if they are prepared to wade through puddles of stale urine and excrement.”(1107) These vivid and disgusting images would invoke pity in readers and draw upon the romantic idea of valuing feelings. Engels also uses Enlightenment ideas to warn readers about the state of the slums. Particularly he criticizes the unsystematic way in which the slums are built. “The shameful lay-out of the Old Town has made it impossible for the wretched inhabitants to enjoy, cleanliness, fresh air, and good health.”(1107) This line places part of the blame for the poor condition of the slums on poor planning and engineering of those parts of the city. This would resonate with enlightenment readers who value systematic, well-planned civil engineering.