Both Frankenstein and Robinson Crusoe are written in the first person. In both stories the narrator is trying to explain a personal experience that is very rare and unique. Robinson Crusoe is describing various parts of life after being shipwrecked. He is alone at first, and in the paragraph at the bottom of the handout he is living within a new society. Dr. Frankenstein also has a feeling of solitude. He is working long hours and driving himself mad attempting to bring this creature back to life. Both stories are similar in that they show the narrative of someone working hard to reach a goal, but the goals are incredibly different. Crusoe is merely trying to survive, but Dr. Frankenstein is attempting to use science to bring back a life.
Frankenstein seems to be more emotional and unrealistic, whereas Crusoe is just telling a factual account of his journey. For example Dr. Frankenstein’s description of himself, “my cheek had grown pale with study, and my person had become emaciated with confinement,” (692) seems to be more dramatic than the words of Crusoe. Crusoe uses lists and definite factual language instead of exaggerated dramatic language like Dr. Frankenstein. Daniel Defoe shows that he is more concerned with reality, facts, and the present than Wollstonecraft characterizes Frankenstein to be. Defoe writes that “by stating and squaring everything by reason” man can learn how to craft or create basically anything. Frankenstein talks about his constant hope throughout his process that he will succeed, but Crusoe (at least in this selection) does not mention the hope of being rescued or helped.