When reading “Endgame”, what struck me most was the commentary the play seemed to make concerning the relationship between individuals of different age groups. Hamm, clearly the person with the most power in the household, ignores and abuses his elderly parents, forcing them to live in bins, showing no interest when his mother dies and only commenting, “Then he’s living” when he learns of his father’s weeping. At the play’s end, Clov, who is implied to be younger than Hamm, leaves Hamm defenseless to go meet the boy that he sees wandering outside.
Taking this as a commentary on the history of Western Civilization, I feel that Samuel Beckett is saying that those in power have historically coldly disregarded their elders. This can be seen in Hamm’s own relationship with Nagg and Nell. Through the ending, Beckett elaborates on this message, stating that those who are ruled over will continue the aforementioned disregard of their elders as soon as they have someone to hold power over, shown when Clov leaves Hamm to meet the boy wandering outside.